AMECJ wishes to draw the attention of the Editor to the following facts which may be considered as potential conflicts of interest and to significant financial contributions to this work. We wish to confirm that there are no known conflicts of interest associated with this publication and there has been no significant financial support for this work that could have influenced its outcome. AMECJ confirms that the manuscript has been read and approved by all named authors and that there are no other persons who satisfied the criteria for authorship but are not listed. We further confirm that the order of authors listed in the manuscript has been approved by all of us. AMECJ confirms that we have given due consideration to the protection of intellectual property associated with this work and that there are no impediments to publication, including the timing of publication, with respect to intellectual property. In so doing we confirm that we have followed the regulations of our institutions concerning intellectual property. AMECJ further confirms that any aspect of the work covered in this manuscript that has involved either experimental animals or human patients has been conducted with the ethical approval of all relevant bodies and that such approvals are acknowledged within the manuscript (Pls see the author declaration form).
Conflict of Interest
Transparency and objectivity are essential in scientific research and the peer review process. When an investigator, author, editor, or reviewer has a financial/personal interest or belief that could affect his/her objectivity, or inappropriately influence his/her actions, a potential conflict of interest exists. Such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties. The most obvious conflicts of interest are financial relationships such as:
- Direct: employment, stock ownership, grants, patents.
- Indirect: honoraria, consultancies to sponsoring organizations, mutual fund ownership, paid expert testimony.
- Undeclared financial conflicts may seriously undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and the science itself. An example might be a researcher who has:
- A relative who works at the company whose product the researcher is evaluating.
- A self-serving stake in the research results.
- Personal beliefs that are in direct conflict with the topic he/she is researching.
Ethics in Research & Publication (AMECJ)
Whether you are just starting out in your career or are a more seasoned researcher, you are no doubt very much aware of the importance of ethical conduct. Plagiarism, research fraud, undisclosed competing interests... these are just a few of the issues that can threaten not only the integrity of the science, but also one's standing in the scientific community. An understanding of the ethical boundaries and "rules" is paramount to ensuring your work and career get off to the best start possible. It is with this in mind that the Ethics in Research & Publication Program was created for early-career researchers by journal and an independent panel of experts, well-versed in ethical issues and how to solve them. The program offers resources to help you navigate sensitive and challenging situations, including a rare glimpse into what it's like to be a victim of misconduct, from those who have experienced it first-hand. Journal's Ethics Toolkit contains introductory materials to help. Transparency and objectivity are essential in scientific research and the peer review process. When an investigator, author, editor, or reviewer has a financial/personal interest or belief that could affect his/her objectivity, or inappropriately influence his/her actions, a potential competing interest exists. Such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties. The most obvious competing interests are financial relationships such as:
■ Direct: employment, stock ownership, grants, patents.
■ Indirect: honoraria, consultancies to sponsoring organizations, mutual fund ownership, paid expert testimony.
Journal Publishing Agreement
Assignment of copyright is a summary of Journal publishing agreement, and in the future, Journal publishing agreement will be accomplished. We hereby assign to the copyright owner the copyright in the manuscript identified above (open access based on Creative Commons license (CC-BY) and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript. Owner the exclusive right to publish and reproduce the article, or any part of the article, in print, electronic and all other media (whether now known or later developed), in any form, in all languages, throughout the world, for the full term of copyright, and the right to license others to do the same, effective when the article is accepted for publication. This includes the right to enforce the rights granted hereunder against third parties. With respect to supplemental materials (ESM) that I wish to make accessible either through a link in the Article or on a site or through a service of the Copyright Owner, the copyright owner shall be entitled to publish, post, reformat, index, archive, make available and link to such supplemental materials on a non-exclusive basis in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), and to permit others to do so. ESM shall mean additional materials that are not an intrinsic part of the article, including but not limited to experimental data, e-components, encodings and software, and enhanced graphical, illustrative material. Articles may sometimes be accepted for publication but later rejected in the publication process, even in some cases after public posting in “Articles in Press” form, in which case all rights will revert to the author.
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I hereby grant to the Journal an exclusive publishing and distribution license (CC-BY) in the manuscript identified above and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript (the “Article”) in print, electronic and all other media (whether now known or later developed), in any form, in all languages, throughout the world, for the full term of copyright, and the right to license others to do the same, effective when the Article is accepted for publication. By submitting an article in AMEC journal, authors are asked to indicate their agreement to abide by an open access Creative Commons license (CC-BY). Based on this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright of their articles. However, the license permits any user to download, print out, extract, reuse, archive, and distribute the article, so long as appropriate credit is given to the authors and the source of the work.